General Information about North Cyprus

Cyprus is located in the north eastern of the east Mediterranean Basin and is

the third largest island in the Mediterranean after Sicily and Sardinia. It is 71

kilometres south of Turkey, 98 kilometres west of Syria and 384 kilometres

north of Egypt.

The island's strategic  location of North Cyprus  has shaped its history and

civilization throughout the centuries. For centuries Cyprus has been influenced

by the cultures of many different nations, which has led to an island with a

richly diverse historical and architectural heritage.

As the third largest island in the Mediterranean, Cyprus has been occupied by

a succession of civilizations over the past 2000 years, all of whom have left

their mark. History abounds everywhere; from the three great Crusader castles

built in the time of Richard the Lionheart, to the Roman ruins at Salamis, each

conquering empire has contributed to the beauty and culture of this

remarkable island. In the 8th Century BC the island was part of the Assyrian

empire, then the Babylonian, Egyptian and Persian. In 58BC the Cyprus Island

was seized by the Romans. Richard Lionheart settled on the island in 1191

during the third crusade. Cyprus remained in Lusignan possession until

captured by the Venetians in 1489. From 1571 to 1878 the island was ruled by

the Ottomans until they leased its administration to Britain.

Cyprus independence was granted in 1960. The Greek Cypriots and the Greek

mainland military created a coup in 1974 and Turkey was forced to intervene to

safeguard the interest of the Turkish Cypriots. The Turkish Republic of

Northern Cyprus was subsequently proclaimed in 1983.

The main income in North Cyprus is from tourism although Citrus fruits, olives

and other crops are widely exported.


Population of North Cyprus

The population of North Cyprus is 350.000 according to the 2019 census. 98%

of the population in North Cyprus is Muslim. The Turkish Republic of Northern

Cyprus is a democratic, secular government. As of 1974 there are two separate

governments on the North Cyprus Island. Cyprus is a member of the United

Nations, the Council of Europe, the British Commonwealth and also a member

of the Non-Aligned Movement.


North Cyprus Language

The official and predominant language in North Cyprus is Turkish. The Turkish

Cypriots have a regional dialect that differs from that spoken in mainland

Turkey, though the basic language is the same and there are rarely

communication difficulties between the two. English is widely spoken in

Northern Cyprus as many Cypriots have relatives who reside in the U.K. and

English is also taught in Cypriot schools.


North Cyprus Currency

The local currency in North Cyprus is the New Turkish Lira or YTL, however

every outlet accepts Sterling, US Dollars and Cyprus Pounds. Credit Cards are

widely acceptable, practical, and can be used in most stores, restaurants,

supermarkets and petrol stations in Northern Cyprus.

The banking system in North Cyprus closely follows the British pattern and is

well developed and organized whilst being equipped with the latest technology

in modern surroundings. There are many Turkish Mainland Banks to choose

from in Northern Cyprus. There is also branch of the UK’s HSBC located in

both North Cyprus Nicosia and Kyrenia. Most of the  North Cyprus banks  are

supplied with English speaking employees, the best chance to master

language obstacle is in the foreign exchange section of the bank.


North Cyprus climate and weather

Cyprus is the third largest island in the Mediterranean, after Sardinia and Sicily,

Cyprus lies on the frontier between Europe and Asia, only 44 miles (70 km)

from Turkey, 64 miles (100 km) from Syria and 211 miles (320 km) from Egypt.

The  weather of North Cyprus  is typically Mediterranean with long dry summers

and short, rainy winters. The average annual temperature is 19ºC (66ºF). The

temperature in midsummer can soar over 40ºC (105ºF) with the warmest sea

temperature in the Mediterranean, averaging 21ºC (75ºF). The winter weather in

North Cyprus is very mild and there is an average annual rainfall of 500 mm.

Cyprus enjoys the best Mediterranean climate with approximately 340 days of

sunshine per year. The swimming season in Northern Cyprus practically starts

from April and does not end until November.

Telephone

When  calling to North Cyprus  from outside, your country code and area codes

are as follows.

Country Code: 0090

Area Code: 0392

TRNC Telsim and

Turkcell are the two main GSM operators, who also provide international

communication with roaming outside of North Cyprus.

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